Go Micro is a framework for microservices development

Overview

Go Micro provides the core requirements for distributed systems development including RPC and Event driven communication. The micro philosophy is sane defaults with a pluggable architecture. We provide defaults to get you started quickly but everything can be easily swapped out.

Features

Go Micro abstracts away the details of distributed systems. Here are the main features.

  • Service Discovery - Automatic service registration and name resolution. Service discovery is at the core of micro service development. When service A needs to speak to service B it needs the location of that service. The default discovery mechanism is multicast DNS (mdns), a zeroconf system.

  • Load Balancing - Client side load balancing built on service discovery. Once we have the addresses of any number of instances of a service we now need a way to decide which node to route to. We use random hashed load balancing to provide even distribution across the services and retry a different node if there’s a problem.

  • Message Encoding - Dynamic message encoding based on content-type. The client and server will use codecs along with content-type to seamlessly encode and decode Go types for you. Any variety of messages could be encoded and sent from different clients. The client and server handle this by default. This includes proto-rpc and json-rpc by default.

  • Request/Response - RPC based request/response with support for bidirectional streaming. We provide an abstraction for synchronous communication. A request made to a service will be automatically resolved, load balanced, dialled and streamed. The default transport is http/1.1 or http2 when tls is enabled.

  • Async Messaging - PubSub is built in as a first class citizen for asynchronous communication and event driven architectures. Event notifications are a core pattern in micro service development. The default messaging is point-to-point http/1.1 or http2 when tls is enabled.

  • Pluggable Interfaces - Go Micro makes use of Go interfaces for each distributed system abstraction. Because of this these interfaces are pluggable and allows Go Micro to be runtime agnostic. You can plugin any underlying technology. Find plugins in github.com/micro/go-plugins.

Getting started

Dependencies

Go Micro makes use of protobuf by default. This is so we can code generate boilerplate code and also provide an efficient wire format for transferring data back and forth between services.

We also require some form of service discovery to resolve service names to their addresses along with metadata and endpoint information. See below for more info.

Protobuf

You’ll need to install protobuf to code generate API interfaces:

Discovery

Service discovery is used to resolve service names to addresses. By default we provide a zeroconf discovery system using multicast DNS. This comes built-in on most operating systems. If you need something more resilient and multi-host then use etcd.

Etcd

Etcd can be used as an alternative service discovery system.

  • Download and run etcd
  • Pass --registry=etcd to any command or the enviroment variable MICRO_REGISTRY=etcd
MICRO_REGISTRY=etcd go run main.go

Discovery is pluggable. Find plugins for consul, kubernetes, zookeeper and more in the micro/go-plugins repo.

Installation

Go Micro is a framework for Go based development. You can easily get this with the go toolchain.

Import go-micro in your service

import "github.com/micro/go-micro"

We provide release tags and would recommend to stick with the latest stable releases. Making use of go modules will enable this.

# enable go modules
export GO111MODULE=on
# initialise go modules in your app
go mod init
# now go get
go get ./...

Writing a service

Go checkout the hello world example to get started